Physiotherapy Treatment- Get Your Body Healed in a Safe and Prompt Manner

Are you in search of a treatment that offers effective and non-invasive cure to your problems? If yes, then physiotherapy is a right mode of treatment for you. It aims at eliminating your acute aches in a short time. The best part about it is that it negates the need of medications and drugs that imposes side effects on the intaker. What makes it the most prevalent choice of the patients? Let’s have a look at its amazing health benefits.

Treats multitude of health problems

Physiotherapy is an effectual way of treating your varied heath problems at one go. It includes musculoskeletal problems, cardiovascular problems, neuromuscular problems, respiratory problems and other problems related to any part of your body.

Evades your muscle spasms

A trained physiotherapist makes use of hands on movement and plethora of manual techniques to provide relief to the patient. If you are a type of person suffering from debilitating muscle spasms; physiotherapy is surely the best solution for you. The professional increases the flow of blood in your body and helps you get rid of your body stiffness.

Treats whiplash

This form of treatment is highly recommended for those who have been the victims of auto related injury. Besides physical injuries, it well cures whiplash. Whiplash is a term that encompasses numbness, dizziness, and muscle pains. It works by rehabilitating the body in its normal form so that you are able to enjoy a sound and healthy life.

Healthy immune system

It has emerged into a thriving healthcare treatment that keeps your immune system strong and less susceptible to ailments. It not only evades your current problem but also prevents any illness from incurring in future.

Offers immense relaxation

Nothing can match sense of relaxation and mental peace your body experiences after availing physiotherapy session. After a tiresome week, you can avail this miraculous session and gear yourself for the next working week.

Looking for place that offers satisfactory physiotherapy treatment? If yes, get in touch with us at Innovative Spine and Wellness. We have experienced team of physiotherapists who will take into account your current level of fitness and health and then offer you the appropriate treatment. To get a detailed insight of our services or to book your appointment, give us a call on 9058689090. For more queries, you can drop us a mail at We are available round the clock for your assistance.

Physiotherapy: Best way to recover from pain

The greatest factor about physiotherapy is that even the smallest injury of yours can be healed through it in the best possible manner. In case of big injures, you must never worry or develop a bubble of thought, thinking that it might lead you to any danger. Since physiotherapy is one of the safest modes of treatment, it should be on the top of your priority list whenever you step out from your house to get yourself recovered from such pains.

There are certain points which you should know about this form of treatment called physiotherapy in order to gain more information and awareness regarding the same. Below mentioned are some of them, take a deeper look:

  • This treatment does not demand any sort of medication. This however is the best pat since a lot of people avoid taking medicines. Most of the people rely on painkillers and other medicines to seek relief from pain. Physiotherapy is one such alternative which will help you gain a lot of liberation from your aches and restlessness.
  • There are people who also opt for surgeries when they cannot think of anything else that can reduce their trouble. For this, you should be aware that physiotherapy is the most convenient option that you should avail for keeping at bay your problem as soon as possible.
  • This form of treatment not only pays attention in healing just your pains but also protects you from further injuries. The greatest part about physiotherapy is that it can be opted by anybody. Be in an infant or an elderly person. Age has never been a barrier in this field.

Are you looking for a good physiotherapist in your area who can help you with your acute aches, professionally? Get in touch with us at Innovative Spine and Wellness to avail the best service for your trouble. We have a skilful team of doctors who will keenly look into your problem to provide you with the best possible treatment. Not only this but they will also guide you at each step so that you get healed and recovered earlier than you anticipate. To make an appointment or to know more about the services that we offer, give a call at 9058689090. For further queries or information, you can also drop a mail at We along with our expert team are ready to help you with anything, anytime around the clock.

Vitamin D – What’s so special about the ‘Sunshine Vitamin’ ?

By Dr. Oakley

The real question is what is not special about Vitamin D! There has been great research performed on vitamin D over the last 10 years verifying how crucial it is for your overall health and wellbeing – it’s a secret cornerstone to your health!

Vitamin D is a hormone – NOT a vitamin!

Vitamin D is not a vitamin, it’s a hormone! A hormone is a molecule that can be created in the body and can send messages between different parts of the body. Recent research has discovered that “all cells, tissues and organs in the human body have vitamin D receptors, meaning that they await the arrival of the vitamin to perform various vital functions.”1

We don’t fully understand how vitamin D is involved in so many bodily processes – but it is! When your blood levels get low, more bodily processes are affected that will slowly and surely compromise your health.

Vitamin D prevents cancer

Vitamin D has been proven to prevent 16 different types of cancers!1 Considering that 1 in 3 people get cancer (this is now approaching 1 in 2 people) this alone is a stellar reason to supplement with vitamin D!

Dr. Rona discusses the fact that researchers have calculated that 600,000 cancer cases would be prevented each year by simply increasing the blood levels of vitamin D! That supplemental dose is estimated to be 5,000-10,000 IU/day.1

Both Dr. Rona1 as well as Dr. Kime2 have documented cases where their patients have cured their cancers by using vitamin D/sun tanning.

Vitamin D prevents stroke

Dr. Stefan Pilz, MD and colleagues followed over 3000 seniors for almost 8 years. They assessed their vitamin D levels and who had strokes over this time period. They found that those who were low in Vitamin D were significantly more likely to die from stroke. They conclude: “…vitamin D supplementation is a promising approach in the prevention of strokes.”3

Vitamin D is associated with diabetes

Vitamin D helps diabetes! Because vitamin D is involved with so many bodily processes it’s actually not surprising that those with diabetes are usually very deficient – I found this to be the case in a study we did on assessing the blood levels in 106 type 2 diabetes patients attending my colleagues clinic in Maryland.4 74% of the study group were deficient! Vitamin D supplementation is a cornerstone of their diabetes reversal program there.

Vitamin D prevents and reduces lesion size in multiple sclerosis 

Multiple sclerosis virtually doesn’t exist along the equator! The farther from the equator you live, the greater the chances of having multiple sclerosis. Dr. Kimball and colleagues from the University of Toronto found that when MS patients supplemented with 8,000-10,000 IU/day their brain lesions were reduced by more than half there size!5 

Vitamin D changes genetic expression

Vitamin D is associated with more than 2000 genes responsible for disease prevention.1 Therefore, it is not surprising how important an impact it may have on your health. Michael Holick, PhD, MD and colleagues studied the change in genetic expression in 8 adults with vitamin D supplementation.6 Supplementation for only two months caused at least a 1.5 fold alteration in the expression of 291 genes!

They conclude: “Our data suggest that any improvement in vitamin D status will significantly affect expression of genes that have wide variety of biologic functions of more than 160 pathways linked to cancer, autoimmune disorders and cardiovascular disease with have been associated with vitamin D deficiency. This study reveals for the first time molecular finger prints that help explain the nonskeletal health benefits of vitamin D.”6

Vitamin D reduces falls in elderly by 50%

Bischoff and colleagues put a group of 122 elderly women on a program of Vitamin D and calcium for a 3-month period.7 The risk of falling was reduced by 49% as well as an increase in muscular function as compared to just calcium alone.7

Vitamin D prevents death

Vitamin D decreases your chances of dying! Yes, you read this correct.

A German study followed 13,331 healthy men and women for 9 years.8 During this time, 1806 people died. When the data were analyzed comparing the vitamin D levels that were measured initially, it was determined that those persons with the lowest levels of vitamin D had a 71% greater chance of dying regardless of cause of death. They conclude: “vitamin D deficiency… was strongly associated with mortality from all causes, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and respiratory diseases.”

Other studies have found the same. Dr. Dobnig and colleagues followed 3258 patients for almost 8 years.9 During this time 737 patients had died. Results from comparing vitamin D levels taken initially revealed that those with the lowest levels were more than twice as likely to die than those with higher vitamin D levels.9 They state: “Our results make it much more clear that all men and women concerned about their overall health should more closely monitor their blood levels of vitamin D, and make sure they have enough.”9

Bottom Line

Supplement Vitamin D! Take 5,000-10,000 IU/day.



  1. Rona, Z. Vitamin D. The sunshine vitamin. Book Publishing Co. Summertown, TN. 2010
  1. Kime, ZR. Sunlight. World Health Publications. Penryn, CA. 1980.
  1. Pilz S, Dobnig H, Fischer JE, Wellnitz B, Seelhorst U, Boehm BO, März W. Low vitamin d levels predict stroke in patients referred to coronary angiography. Stroke. 2008 Sep;39(9):2611-3.
  1. Oakley, P., Chaney, S., Persinger, M. and Chaney, T. Low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients presenting to a functional medicine clinic. Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering, 2013; 6, 12-15. doi: 10.4236/jbise.2013.65A003.
  1. Kimball SM, Ursell MR, O’Connor P, Vieth R. Safety of vitamin D3 in adults with multiple sclerosis. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007 Sep;86(3):645-51.
  1. Hossein-nezhad A, Spira A, Holick MF. Influence of vitamin D status and vitamin D3 supplementation on genome wide expression of white blood cells: a randomized double-blind clinical trial. PLoS One. 2013;8(3):e58725.
  1. Bischoff HA, Stähelin HB, Dick W, Akos R, Knecht M, Salis C, Nebiker M, Theiler R, Pfeifer M, Begerow B, Lew RA, Conzelmann M. Effects of vitamin D and calcium supplementation on falls: a randomized controlled trial. J Bone Miner Res. 2003 Feb;18(2):343-51.
  1. Schottker B, Haug U, et al. Strong associations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations with all-cause, cardiovascular, cancer, and respiratory disease mortality in a large cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr, 2013 Apr;97(4):782-93.
  1. Dobnig H, Pilz S, Scharnagl H, Renner W, Seelhorst U, Wellnitz B, Kinkeldei J, Boehm BO, Weihrauch G, Maerz W. Independent association of low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin d and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin d levels with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Arch Intern Med. 2008 Jun 23;168(12):1340-9.

Power Plate – What’s all this hype about?

By Melissa Baird, RMT & Dr. Oakley

There are constant fitness trends emerging, most of them leaving the customer disappointed; the Power Plate is not to be mistaken as a fitness trend. The Power Plate machine is a three-dimensional platform providing a consistent, safe and controlled level of vibration in an up and down, back and forth, and side to side motion.1

There are many benefits to using a Power Plate platform such as improving muscle tone, increasing range of motion, improving coordination and balance, increasing blood flow, reducing body fat and boosting metabolism, decreasing cellulite, increasing bone mineral density and alleviating pain by promoting recovery of damaged muscles and tendons.1

How does the Power Plate work? Constant vibration in three-dimensions forces the body to seek out stability, contracting muscles involuntarily to compensate.2 Not only does the Power Plate add to ones’ workout regime but it is also providing a different treatment option for those suffering from cerebral palsy, osteoporosis, neck and back injuries, chronic pain and even kidney stones.2

In one study, 61 obese adults were split into 4 groups: a control group (no changes made to their lifestyle), a diet only group, a fitness group, and a Power Plate group. The study took place for 6 months with a follow-up after an additional 6 months of no intervention. The Power Plate group had significant decreases in visceral fat (fat surrounding the abdominal contents), and after 6 months post intervention the Power Plate group maintained their decreased visceral body fat levels whereas the other groups of diet and fitness returned to their baseline values.3

Bottom Line:

Whether searching for pain relief, are new to fitness and seeking long-term results or are looking to maximize your current fitness level, incorporating the 3D Power Plate technology will ensure you get the best results!


Call to book your Free Trial Power Plate workout Today! Read more

Water – How much should you drink?

By Dr. Oakley


Most people fail to realize that our body’s are mostly water, even our bones are 30% water! We lose water all day long by breathing, unconscious sweating (while not exercising), and of course also in our urine and feces. If we are under stress, ill, in hot weather conditions, or actually exercise we can lose even more water.

Our daily water losses need to be replaced. Only about 20% of our water needs come from foods, therefore, most of our water needs are met by simply drinking water. The problem is knowing how much water to drink.

For curiosity sake we did a study in the clinic simply assessing how much water our patients drank. Surprisingly, some people don’t drink water at all! Others drink only a glass or two a day where of the 100 consecutive patients surveyed, on average about 5-8oz. glasses of water were drank per day.1

We next compared that to the recommendation to drink 8-8oz. glasses of water a day: 8-5=3 glasses short. Comparing the 5 glasses a day to the recommendation to drink half your body weight in ounces, we determined that on average, our sample of 100 patients drank 6 glasses short of meeting their water intake goal!

So whether going by the 8 glasses a day rule or the half your body weight goal, on average, most people are 3-6 glasses short of drinking the ideal amount of water per day!

Bottom Line:

Drink more water! Have a minimum goal of drinking 8 glasses a day, and the ideal goal of drinking half your body weight in ounces per day – each and every day!



  1. Oakley, P.A. and Baird, M.L. (2015) Do patients drink enough water? Actual pure water intake compared to the theoretical daily rules of drinking 8-8 ounce glasses and drinking half your body weight in ounces. Journal of Water Resource and Protection; In Review.


Gluten – What’s the Big Deal?

By Dr. Oakley

Why is gluten such a big deal these days? Why do so many adopt a gluten-free diet? I will tell you why! My good friends and colleagues, Drs. Tom and Stephanie Chaney, publish an exhaustive review of gluten and how it affects the body in their book: Lose the Gluten, Lose your Gut. Ditch the Grain, Save your Brain.’1 I will briefly summarize the important and detrimental aspects of how gluten may worsen your health.

Gluten (from Latin gluten, “glue“) is a protein composite found in wheat and related grains, including barley, rye and spelt. Gluten gives elasticity to dough, helping it rise and keep its shape and often gives the final product a chewy texture.2

Gluten is found in many foods (breads, cereals, cookies etc.), and hidden in lots of processed foods like dressings, condiments, and even gum! Wheat is a grain that has the highest amounts of the protein gluten. 

Our body’s have a hard time digesting gluten, there are some researchers that suggest that humans shouldn’t even eat grains at all! When we do, many of us get inflammation of the intestinal lining which results in ‘increased intestinal permeability’ (a.k.a. ‘Leaky Gut Syndrome’).

The body’s immune system has its soldiers, ‘Antibodies’ (Immunoglobulins, i.e. IgG, IgA etc.) which attack foreign molecules (‘Antigens’) including gluten and its smaller partly digested proteins and peptides. The more you eat gluten, the better the immune system will recognize and attack the gluten byproducts – however, any particular proteins in the body which are similar to these gluten byproduct proteins will also be attacked – so your immune system will no longer differentiate the gluten byproducts from a particular part of your body!

‘Autoimmunity’ results when your immune system ends up attacking different parts of your own tissues. This will cause ‘flare-ups’ which result in attacks of pain, swelling, and inflammation resulting from eating gluten-laden foods.

Depending on which exact tissues are being attacked determines what disease might result. A scary fact is that many researchers are starting to believe that once thought of as different disease processes might actually be a single entity – the cause being the body’s autoimmune response to a constant bombardment of a gluten-laden diet (gluten reactivity).

I quote from the Chaney’s book:

“Some researchers claim that gluten-related disorders is a group of diseases itself; diseases that may involve several organs outside of the intestines and without Celiac disease, resulting in Type I diabetes,65,66 multiple sclerosis,67,68 systemic lupus erythematous(SLE),69,70,71 autoimmune thyroid disease,72 rheumatoid arthritis,73,74 addison’s disease,75,76 vasculitis,77 autism,59 asthma,78 neurological disorders and seizures,79,80,81 Alzhiemer’s and dementia mimicking gluten ataxia,82,83 Parkinson’s,84,85 dermitis herpetiformis (a rare skin disease) and other skin conditions such as psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis,86,87,88,89 headaches,90,91 liver disease,92,93 cancer,94,95,96 muscle disease/myopathy,97,98 depression,99,100,101 and likely many other autoimmune and non-autoimmune diseases once thought to be independent of each other.” p.31-32. (For a more comprehensive discussion and relevant references purchase the Chaney’s book on Amazon)1

Bottom Line:

What at first may only be symptoms of indigestion, bloating, constipation, cloudy headedness etc. may be early signs of gluten sensitivities and intolerances which may lead to more serious disease processes down the road.


*Get checked to see if you have a sensitivity/intolerance to Gluten – Call to book your Hemocode Food Intolerance test today!



  1. Chaney, S.J. & Chaney, T.A. (2012) Lose the Gluten, Lose your Gut. Ditch the Grain, Save your Brain. Discover how gluten and “healthy” whole grains contribute to obesity, type 2 diabetes, alzheimer’s disease, and other deadly diseases..And what you must do to prevent and reverse them. ISBN:9789-0-9854157-0-9. To order go to:
  2. Wikipedia. Search term: ‘Gluten’ Retrieved July 7, 2015.


Hunched Posture is more than Just a Cosmetic Deformity: Dr. Kado, MD Proves it’s Correlation to Cancer, Heart Attack and Stroke

By Dr. Oakley

Hunched posture is more than just a cosmetic deformity! It commonly starts with a forward head posture (see my blog on ‘text neck’) and then affects the upper back, as well as the lower back. Eventually it is a whole body collapse against the unrelenting gravitational forces.

The health effects of hunched posture, aka hyper-kyphosis, were assessed by

Dr. Deborah Kado, MD (UCLA) and colleagues and published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society in 2004. Kado examined 1353 persons aged 45-98 for hunched posture. These researchers measured hunched posture as the number of 1.7cm blocks necessary to place under a persons’ head to allow them to lay on their back with a neutral head position with upward gaze (without extending their head backwards). Follow-up exams were done on the survivors (267 persons died) an average of 4.3 years later.

Hazard rates statistical methods determined that for the whole group, hunched persons (requiring at least one block or more) had a 44% greater chance of dying than non-hunched persons. The more blocks that were necessary to use showed a greater chance of dying (1.25x risk for one block, 1.56x risk for two blocks, 1.50x risk for three blocks) as compared to having good posture. [Although there appears to be a slight better chance of living having 3 or more blocks than requiring only 2, the difference is small, albeit it may show that some individuals can adapt to worsening posture better than others – then again, they were still 50% more likely to die!]

The authors also looked at the cause of death – they already proved poorer postured people die earlier, but how? As it turns out they found that if you have hunched posture, you have a 2.38x greater chance of dying from atherosclerosis, a 1.84x greater chance of dying from cancer, a 2.44x greater chance of dying from pulmonary causes, and a 1.37x greater chance of dying from any other disease. Yes, hyper-kyphosis or simply, hunched posture predisposes you to early demise from a variety of diseases including cancer!

Risk & Cause of Death from Hunched Position


Variety of causes




Atherosclerosis (heart attack/stroke)


Pulmonary causes

Obviously this may be new information for you. In fact, chances are your medical doctor will not have heard of this information either – when’s the last time they checked your posture?! This is one of the reasons why you need to take the responsibility of health into your own hands and educate yourself on what is actually important to achieve and maintain your health. Posture is certainly a central pillar to your health! (See my book: Shotgun to Health).

Call to book your spine and posture check-up now!




Kado DM, Huang MH, Karlamangla AS, Barrett-Connor E, Greendale GA. Hyperkyphotic posture predicts mortality in older community-dwelling men and women: a prospective study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2004 Oct;52(10):1662-7.

‘Text Neck’ – Are You Inadvertently Giving Yourself Poor Health?

By Dr. Oakley

‘Text neck’ is a modern term describing the forward head and neck positions adopted while using your smartphone. According to Dr. Hansraj,1 chief of spine surgery at New York Spine Surgery and Rehabilitation Medicine, it is an epidemic. As he states in an interview in The Washington Post, “Just look around you, everyone has their heads down.”2

According to Dr. Hansraj, an average head weighs about 12 pounds. The more forward your head angle becomes, the greater ‘effective weight’ of your head. At a 60° angle, the head feels like it weighs 60 pounds (as opposed to 12lbs)!1 This adds an extraordinary amount of stress to the structures of the neck including the discs, muscles and ligaments, as well as the bones and nerves.

Poor posture is truly an under-diagnosed modern epidemic. Postural alterations are known to be associated with a plethora of human afflictions from general pain syndromes,3-11 to problems with specific joints such as the hip12,13 and the knee,14 to problems with specific spinal regions such as the flat-back syndrome,15 and cervical kyphosis,11 to local organ ailments such as uterine prolapse,16,17 gastric herniation,18 and respiratory function,19-21 to thinking,19,22 and even to morbidity and mortality.23-27

An ideal neck in neutral posture should have a backward curve, or ‘C’ shape, as in a piece of a circle.28,29 The more often one bends their head forward, the greater the chance of loosing the normal or ideal ‘C’ shape alignment. This leads to a straightening of the neck curve, which predisposes you to neck pain and headaches, as well as numbness and tingling in the arms and hands as in carpal tunnel syndrome.28,29

Even worse, the forward leaning of head posture leads to a worsening of your whole spine. Those older people with excessive forward hunchback postures (termed hyper-kyphosis) have had their bad postures start somewhere – and it typically starts with only a forward head position. As your posture can continue to lean and hunch forward as the years go by, a simultaneous deterioration of your health occurs.

So to avoid and prevent the deterioration of your health by poor postures, it is of prime importance to not only be aware of what postures you adopt throughout the day (including while using your smartphone), but also to get a spine and posture assessment to see where your spine and posture currently is as compared to where it should be.

Innovative Spine & Wellness uses state-of-the-art ‘BioPhysics’ techniques ( to correct faulty posture. By using corrective exercises and corrective stretching procedures, we can get great improvements in posture and therefore, improve your health!


Call For Your Spinal Check-up Today!


  1. Hansraj KK. Assessment of stresses in the cervical spine caused by posture and position of the head. Surg Technol Int. 2014 Nov;25:277-9.
  3. Cailliet R. Low back pain syndrome. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis, 1981.
  4. Harber P, Bloswick D, Beck J, Pena L, Baker D, Lee J. Supermarket checker motions and cumulative trauma risk. J Occup Med 1993;35:805-811.
  5. Genaidy AM, Karwowski W. The effects of neural posture deviations on perceived joint discomfort ratings in sitting and standing postures. Ergonomics 1993;36:785-792.
  6. Rys M, Konz S. Standing. Ergonomics 1994;37:677-687.
  7. Powers C, Maffucci R, Hampton S. Rear foot posture in subjects with patello-femoral pain. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 1995;22:155-160.
  8. Eklund J, Odenrick P, Zettergren S, Johansson H. Head posture measurements among work vehicle drivers and implications for work and workplace design. Ergonomics 1994;37:623-639.
  9. Watson A. Sports injuries in footballers related to defects of posture and body mechanics. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 1995;35:289-294.
  10. Beaman DN, Graziano GP, Glover RA, Wojtys EM, Chang V. Substance P innervation of lumbar spine facet joints. Spine 1993;18:1044-1049.
  11. Ganju A, Ondra SL, Shaffrey CI. Cervical kyphosis. Techniques in Orthopaedics 2003;17:345-354.
  12. Davies JW. Man’s assumption of the erect posture: Its effect on the position of the pelvis. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1955;70:1012-1020.
  13. Offierski CM, Macnab I. Hip-spine syndrome. Spine 1983;8:316-321.
  14. Tsuji T, Matsuyama Y, Goto M, et al. Knee-spine syndrome: correlation between sacral inclination and patello-femoral joint pain. J Orthop Sci 2002;519-523.
  15. Lee CS, Lee CK, Kim YT, Hong YM, Yoo JH. Dynamic sagittal imbalance of the spine in degenerative flat back. significance of pelvic tilt in surgical treatment. Spine 2001;26:2029-2035.
  16. Lind LR, Lucente V, Kohn N. Thoracic kyphosis and the prevalence of advanced uterine prolapse. Obstet Gynecol 1996;87:605-609.
  17. Mattox TF, Lucente V, McIntyre P, Miklos JR, Tomezsko J. Abnormal spinal curvature and its relationship to pelvic organ prolapse. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2000;183:1381-1384.
  18. Winans HM. Anemia in the aged (Syndrome of kyphosis, gastric hernia, and anemia). Texas J Med 1938;34:422-423.
  19. Hansson KG. Body mechanics in geriatrics. J Am Geriatrics Soc 1954;2:429-433.
  20. Lennon J, Shealy N, Cady RK, Matta W, Cox R, Simpson WF. Postural and respiratory modulation of autonomic function, pain, and health. Am J Pain Manag 1994;4:36-39.
  21. Weiss HR. The effect of an exercise program on vital capacity and rib mobility in patients with idiopathic scoliosis.       Spine 1991;16:88-93.
  22. Riskind J, Gotay C. Physical posture: Could it have regulatory of feedback effects on motivation and emotion? Motivation Emotion 1982;6:273-298.
  23. Keller TS, Harrison DE, Colloca CJ, Harrison DD, Janik TJ. Prediction of osteoporotic spinal deformity. Spine 2003;28:455-462.
  24. Freeman JT. Posture in the aging and aged body.       JAMA 1957;165:843-846.
  25. Milne JS, Williamson J. A longitudinal study of kyphosis in older people. Age Ageing 1983;12:225-233.
  26. Cutler WB, Friedmann E, Genovese-Stone E. Prevalence of kyphosis in a healthy sample of pre- and postmenopausal women. Am J Phys Med Rehab 1993;72:219-225
  27. Anderson F, Cowan NR. Survival of healthy older people. Br J Prev Soc Med 1976;30:231-232.
  28. Harrison DD, Harrison DE, Janik TJ, et al. Modeling of the sagittal cervical spine as a method to discriminate hypo-lordosis: results of elliptical and circular modeling in 72 asymptomatic subjects, 52 acute neck pain subjects, and 70 chronic neck pain subjects. Spine 2004; 29(22):2485-2492.
  29. Harrison DD, Janik TJ, Troyanovich SJ, Holland B. Comparisons of lordotic cervical spine curvatures to a theoretical ideal model of the static sagittal cervical spine. Spine 1996;21:667-675.